Rosacea is a common skin condition that often affects fair skinned Caucasian women of northern European descent; therefore it is nickname, “Curse of the Celtics.” Though the exact cause of rosacea is unknown, it is perhaps a combination of factors in predisposed individuals resulting in inflammation of the small blood vessels in the skin.
The initial sign of rosacea is repeated episodes of flushing triggered by exposures, such as hot drinks, spicy foods, alcohol, sunlight or emotional distress. Over time, flushing become permanent rather than episodic and acne-like pimples can also develop.
Essentially, the rosacea patients must try to spot substances or actions that cause flare-ups of the condition and avoid them. Gentle skin care is a very essential part of treatment for a patient with rosacea.
Increased tetchiness of the skin is a common frequent complaint. Avoiding products that might potentially cause irritation such as astringents, detergent cleansers, facial scrubs, peels and toners can considerably improve the condition. Every day use of mild moisturizer with broad range UVA and UVB sunscreen is also important. Thinning of the skin due to chronic sun damage can further accentuate the superficial blood vessels. Opposing to accepted belief, cosmetics can be used if they are gentle and do not annoy the skin. Actually, the use of cosmetics to mask the redness and blemishes goes a long way toward benefiting self-esteem and enhancing social interactions.
For rosacea, antibiotics are the most frequent prescription drugs. And, most dermatologists utilize a tiered approach based on the severity of the condition. Remission can be accomplished at which point the prescription medications are tapered to the least amount required while maintaining a routine of gentle skin care. Identification and treatment of rosacea early in its start gives the most positive long-term diagnosis.